Phosphoethanolamine, as a nutrient, is the most important phosphoric amino acid present in the
composition of breast milk, consumed by breastfed babies and responsible for the formation of the immune defense system.
For over 50 years in which phosphoethanolamine has been used in several countries without adverse reactions and proven toxicity, antitumor (antiproliferative) activity and marked stimulus to apoptosis have been observed. Phosphoethanolamine is closely related to mitochondrial membrane potential regulation mechanisms.
Research has shown that diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, ischemia, epilepsy and cancer are related to lower concentrations of organic phosphoethanolamine in patients.
In general, cell death in animals occurs by apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off" - in a reference to the fall of the leaves of the trees), being one among several mechanisms of cellular control. After characteristic morphological modifications - such as condensation and shrinkage, cytoskeletal collapse, nuclear envelope dissolution and chromatin fragmentation - cells die by apoptosis. As the surface of the cell or its pieces - apoptotic bodies - are altered, macrophages rapidly phagocytose (swallow).
Another important example of apoptosis protection is the elimination of cells with DNA damage that, for some reason (due to excessive DNA damage, defects in the repair system or for other reasons), have not been repaired and have the Potential risk of becoming cancer cells.